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Pantoprazole ( sold under various brand names including Somac, Pantoloc, Protium, Pantecta, Protonix, and Pantoheal ) is a proton pump inhibitor drug that inhibits gastric acid secretion.

Pantoprazole is used for short-term treatment of erosion and ulceration of the esophagus caused by gastroesophageal reflux disease. Initial treatment is generally of eight weeks' duration, after which another eight week course of treatment may be considered if necessary.[citation needed] It can be used as a maintenance therapy for long term use after initial response is obtained.

Pantoprazole is metabolized in the liver by the cytochrome P450 system.Metabolism mainly consists of demethylation by CYP2C19 followed by sulfation. Another metabolic pathway is oxidation by CYP3A4. Pantoprazole metabolites are not thought to have any pharmacological significance. Pantoprazole is relatively free of drug interactions; however, it may alter the absorption of other medications that depend on the amount of acid in the stomach, such as ketoconazole or digoxin. Generally inactive at acidic pH of stomach, thus it is usually given with a pro kinetic drug. Pantoprazole binds irreversibly to H+K+ATPase(Proton pumps) and suppresses the secretion of acid. As it binds irreversibly to the pumps, new pumps have to be made before acid production could be resumed. Half life of the drug is approx 24 hours.
 

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